Watergate – Part 1

Watergate – Part 1

Watergate – Part 1 Film:  All The Presidents Men Author: Malcolm Farnsworth Reprinted with Permission   What Was Watergate? Background – Watergate The Political Context The Watergate Burglary What Was Watergate? “Watergate” is a general term used to describe a complex web of political scandals between 1972 and 1974. The word refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C. In addition to the hotel, the Watergate complex houses many business offices. It was here that the office of the Democratic National Committee was burgled on June 17th, 1972. “Watergate” is now an all-encompassing term used to refer to: Political Burglary Bribery Extortion Wiretapping (Phone Tapping) Conspiracy Obstruction Of Justice Destruction Of Evidence Tax Fraud Illegal Use Of The Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.) Illegal Use Of The Federal Bureau Of Investigations (F.B.I.) Illegal Campaign Contributions Use Of Public (Taxpayers’) Money For Private Purposes   Background – Watergate 1968: Richard Milhous Nixon (Republican) elected president. Nixon had been Vice President under Eisenhower (1952-60) and had been defeated in the 1960 presidential election by John F. Kennedy. 1971: Publication of the “Pentagon Papers”. These secret Defense Department documents on American involvement in the Vietnam war were leaked to the New York Times by an official in the Defense Department, Dr. Daniel Ellsberg. Nixon challenged the publication of the documents in the Supreme Court and lost when the court ruled 6-3 in favor of publication. 1970-1: A White House Special Investigations Unit is established, known as the “Plumbers”. This secret group investigated the private lives of Nixon’s critics and political enemies. It burgled the office of Ellsberg’s psychiatrist in an attempt to discover damaging...